trip to shiraz and visit tourist attraction of shiraz
Let’s travel to Shiraz today. But where is Shiraz? Shiraz is the capital of Fars province. This is the 5th most populated city in Iran. Shiraz is famous for its poem, wine and garden. This city is one of the best tourist cities for traveling in Iran. Shiraz was the capital of Iran in “Ale- Booyeh” and “Zandiyeh” era. “Karim Khan Zand” was a person who caused the flourish of Shiraz. Now we know it as a historic and a tourist city. Shiraz has moderate climate. In this article we show you how to visit the Shiraz with the most enjoyable experience. Follow us to know the Shiraz tourist attractions.
Of 6 gates that this city had in old days, only 1 gate remained strong and well. This gate is a very old building. At the east side of this building, there is the tomb of the builder of the gate, Igar, and at the west side we can see the stairs which leads us to a room at the top of the building. They kept 2 Qur’ans there, which was also called “۱۷ Man Qur’ans”. By passing under those Qur’ans, people believed that they would be safe. Now the Qur’ans are kept in Pars museum. On the body of the building, some parts of holy Qur’an is written with Thuluth and Naskh script. If you travel to Shiraz, you probably cross the Qur’an gate and see its beauty.
This museum is located in Nazar Garden is one of the largest gardens in shiraz province. The 8-sided building at the center of the garden, was built for ceremonies, meetings with the other kings, diplomats and ambassadors. It is also called Kolahe Farangi mansion. Karim khan buried in this garden after his death. The main building consists of a main hall that is paved, 4 rooms and 4 alcoves (special rooms for guests or the patriarchs). The rooms are perfectly designed by tiles, paints and some motifs of birds and flowers, which is the feature of Persian architecture in Zandiyeh era. Now, the pavilion is used as the museum, Pars museum. We can see the objects like metal objects, pottery ones, different coins, old dishes, inscriptions, old stamps and many other things belong to Sassanids and after Islam era. Outside of the building, at the garden, different old trees, fountains and vases around them, different types of flowers and benches has made a pleasing place with good weather and good smells. The historical aspect of the garden is not only for inside the museum! Actually at the outside, you can see 3 historical monuments. A lithograph belonging to Qajar time, a large piece of stone with some carved notes belonging to 590 SH and another lithograph with the motif of 2 lions for Qajar era exist in the garden to make this place to a tourist place at Shiraz. Visiting this garden during your travel to Shiraz, is necessary.
Karim Khan Citadel
By passing through the streets of Shiraz, the vision of this historical castle tempts you to visit there. Karim Khan Citadel is a castle built during the kingdom of Karim Khan. The usage was for personal life of Karim Khan and his family, but the exterior view remembers you the medieval castles. It is because of the architecture. High brick walls with 12 meters height and 4 towers with 14 meters height in 4 corners of the construction is completely based on military architecture. The stairs in the towers lead us to two rooms that are for watchmen and keeping the weapons. The doors for entering the towers are from inside the castle, so high level of protection is considered for this citadel. This place also used as a prison for several years. As entering the castle you can see a tile panel that shows the scene of the war of Rostam and White Beast. Inside the castle, you see 2 porticos that are built for residence. These porticos have 6 rooms in left and right sides. The rooms are connected from the inside. Also two alcoves are there for different seasons. The north side alcove is for winter and the west one is for summer or other seasons. A personal bathhouse is the other part of this citadel that you should visit. It is one of the first personal bathhouses in Iran. Different parts of this bathhouse are a dressing room (for changing the clothes), an octahedron pool for showering and a place for putting a large copper pot for warming the water.
Tomb of Hafez
You probably heard about Hafez, the great famous Persian poet lived in 8 Sh century. Tomb of Hafez is placed in Shiraz. The tomb was rebuilt and restored several times, but finally designed by Andrew Godar, a French architecture. The current structure is still based on the architecture of Zandiyeh era. This big and beautiful garden consists of two parts, the northern and the southern parts. The tomb places in northern part. When you stand in the tomb and look above your head, you will see the excellent art of tiling. You can also read 8 lines of his poets. The roof of the tomb is made of copper, this is why it is green. The stairs around the tomb are in rounded form. The circle is the sign of earth. 8 columns around the tombstone are the sign of 8 doors of the heaven. All these numbers and shapes shows the gnostic and mystic form of his personality. The marble tombstone is remained strong from Zandiyeh dynasty, which was put by the Karim Khans order. 2 rectangular pools are around the tomb. In northern part you can find a library that is known as the center of studying about Hafez. In this part you can find lots of orange trees and a traditional café. On the walls you can read different parts of his poets. The entrance door is located in southern part. People in Iran believes the Hafez can tell them about the future so near the entrance door you can buy some of his poems as the omen. Two big gardens with lots of flowers and two pools in, many orange trees, sidewalks and a raceway for water crossing exists there. Tomb of Hafez is a place that gives you good feelings, this is why you should travel to Shiraz and visit Tomb of Hafez.
Tomb of Sa’di
Sa’di, one of the most well-known poets in Iran and in the world, is buried in Shiraz. His tomb is one of the tourist places in Shiraz. The mausoleum is in an octahedron form building, with 8 columns in front of the door and a dome above designed by turquoise tiles. Seven epigraphs which some lines of Sa’dis poems from his different books are written on, has been placed on the walls of the mausoleum. The walls shows you the art of tiling and the beauty of azure and blue tiles. There are some pools in the yard around the tomb. One of them that is in front of the mausoleum is special. People usually throw some coins in it to make their wishes and desires granted. But there is still another exciting thing about this tomb. Under the ground, at the depth of 10 meters, there is an aqueduct. The water of the aqueduct contains sulfur and mercury. This aqueduct provides the water of a pool, named “Hoze Mahi” (Fish pool) which is located at the east side of the tomb. In the past people believed that this water has healing feature. This beautiful place with all its trees, beauties and good feelings is one of the best choices to be visited in Shiraz.
Zandiyeh Complex: Vakil Bazaar, Vakil mosque, Vakil historic bath and Vakil watering place
Vakil bazaar is one of the oldest bazaars in Iran. This bazaar is not only a place for buying traditional souvenirs, local foods and other things, but also an artwork of Zandiyeh dynasty. This bazaar consists of four long corridors that connect each other by a main big hall with a high roof. This kind of architecture turned this bazaar to an especial sight in Shiraz to visit. Vakil mosque, located at the west side of Vakil bazaar, is one of the masterpieces in Zandiyeh era. This historic mosque has two large seraglios and two iwans. The winter seraglio and the southern seraglio. The southern one has 48 stunning columns with spiral design, all of them are handworks. The ground of this seraglio is covered by marble. There is also a pulpit which has 14 marble stairs. The walls are decorated by tiles and mosaics. At the top of the door of the winter seraglio you can see some epigraphs. This part has colorful windows that makes it very beautiful. The iwans are in north and south side. The mosque places in northern iwan. The finials of the mosque with 20 meters height are above an arch. This vault or arch is named “Morvarid” and is the most beautiful part of the northern iwan. They used tiles and marble for decorating the Morvarid vault. This mosque is one of those places that you should visit during your travel to Shiraz. Near the mosque, at the west side, there is a historic bathhouse. The crooked and slope corridor at the entrance of the bath house causes the warm air inside the bath doesn’t be changed by the cold air of the outside. The fluid of warm steam under the ground caused the floor of bath always be warm. This bath house has different parts and different pools. There were two big pots for warming the water and some special parts with marble pools for kings and some places for changing the clothes. The main pool is octagon and made by marble stone. At the top of this pool we can see a beautiful roof designed by lime, to be strong against the water, and some carvings that shows some old or religious stories like “Shirina Va Farhad” or “Bijan Va Manijeh”. At the south side of Vakil historic bath, we can enter an old and underground watering place. This reservoir has special tall wind catchers to keep the water cold and provided the needed water of the area. Now it is a historic place for visiting and it is a museum about water. At this water museum you can find maquettes of different Iranian reservoirs and many modern paintings of famous people in Iran. This bathhouse, bazaar, beautiful mosque and watering place forms a complex named Zandiyeh complex, a place that you will never forget after visiting, in Shiraz.
Although it is 57 kilometers far from Shiraz city, but visiting Persepolis during your travel to Shiraz is inevitable. Persepolis is a complex of several palaces, also known as “Takhte Jamshid”. What we can see there are many tall columns with big pieces of rocks on them as a head, formed in different shapes like cow-human, pegasus and different animals. Litographs in this place shows us how people dressed or behaved in that era. This place was made for the Achaemenids to live in spring and for holding the Nowruz ceremonies (the ceremonies for new Persian year). This famous ancient complex consists of some palaces, with lots of mysterious columns and buildings. Apadana is the most glorious and also the most ancient palace in this complex, built by the order of Darius the great, the king of Achaemenids. On the walls beside the stairs you can see different old lithographs that shows the people carrying some gifts for giving to the king. This palace used to have 72 columns but now there is only 14 stayed healthy. Hedish palace is the other palace in this complex. Hedish was the name of the wife of Khashayar, one of the Persian kings and this one was his personal palace. During the attack of Alexander the great, flaring up and burning started from this place. Two series of stairs connects us from here to the other palace named Malakeh (means the queen). Malakeh palace is rebuilt and now it is used as a museum and the complex managing office. The other palace we can visit in here is “H” palace, yes the name is H!!! The walls beside its stairs are carved and shows historic arts. Techer is Darius’s personal palace, which is famous to “Mirror Hall” for its glossy and polished stones. This one has 20 columns. In Se Dar palace (means three doors) at the center of Persepolis we can see the picture of some guests that are going to visit the kings in an informal way. Other palaces like Shora and Sad Sotun are places that we can see different lithographs, tall columns and many other mysterious things; Because in that era there were no suitable technology or tools for making all these palaces or moving the column heads, but they did it in an unclear way.
Although this historic and ancient complex is 120 kilometers far from Shiraz city, but it is a valuable tourist place that you will never forget after visiting. The tomb of the Cyrus the great, which is also the sign of the Fars Province is placed in here. This building is made by stone, brick, lime and wood. People believe that Cyrus the great and his wife are buried here. Every year people in different times like in spring or in his birthday (7th of Aban) come to this place. Around his tomb, we can find the tomb of his son, Cambyses II that it is also known as the Solomon Prison. In other parts of this complex we can see different palaces like Neshiman, Bar ‘Am (for ceremonies), P, S , Darvazeh and personal palace. What we can see in these palaces are some tall columns remained from many centuries ago and some lithographs of human, beasts and especial animals. Also in Darvazeh palace we can see the only healthy lithograph of a human with wings and busy to praying.
An ancient complex, 6 kilometers far from Persepolis, is the place that 4 great Persian kings are buried. But their tombs are not on the ground! We can see they are buried at the top of the “Rahmat” mountain. If you go there, you see four doors in the mountain with different lithographs around the doors. Darius the great, the king Khashayar, Ardeshir I and Darius II are buried in the mountain. Inside the doors we see that some other people except the kings are buried around them, but it’s not clear that who they are! In front of the tomb of the Darius II, we see a building named Ka’ba-ye Zartosht (cube of Zoroaster). It is made from white lime and stones. It’s not still obvious that what the usage of this building was. Some books says that this was a holy place for keeping the Zoroastrian fire, some says that they used there for keeping important religious documents and other says it’s the place for keeping the sculpture of Anahita (a woman god) and praying her. This building is much like the Solomon prison in Pasargadae complex. On the wall of the building we can see some inscriptions with different scripts like Pahlavi-Sassanids, Pahlavi-Parthians and Greek. In Naghsh-e Rostam you can see many lithographs that shows you the story of wars and wins of the kings, their faces, their styles and works. All these remained lithographs are related to Sassanids, Elamites and Achaemenids era. So, this historic place is worth visiting in your travel to Iran, Shiraz.